The most common post traumatic consequences found in the study of adults are contusions, brain edema and intracerebral hematomas, while other sequelae such as subarachnoid hematomas, subdural hematomas and extradural hematomas are encountered less. Diffuse and focal cerebral edema was being the most common pathology following trauma in children. Conclusion: CT scanning is the primary modality of choice in the diagnostic work up of patients with acute head trauma for identifying the various intracranial consequences following head injury especially within 48 hours which helps in the initial assessment, treatment planning, follow up and long term management of patients.
A retrospective study in India found that auto accidents are the second leading cause of death in those under 30. Not all brain injuries are created equal; ranging from contusions (bruising), brain swelling and bleeding both in the brain itself and around it can cause a range of symptoms from a simple headache to death.